Product Math Definition

The product in math is the answer to a multiplication problem. The result of multiplying two numbers together is the product.

Product Math Definition

Parts Of A Multiplication Problem

When you multiply, every part of the problem has a name. In a multiplication sentence, you have the multiplicand, the multiplier, and the product.

Here is a sample multiplication sentence:

11 × 9 = 99

You can read this sentence as the multiplicand times the multiplier equals the product.

The multiplicand is the first number, the × or * means times, the multiplier is the second number, the = sign means equals and the answer is the product.

Part Of A Multiplication Problem

All arithmetic operations have names for the parts of the equation. In division, we have dividend, divisor, and quotient

Find the product in these multiplication sentences to be sure you have the idea:

  1. 12 × 12 = 144
  2. 2x * 9 = 18x
  3. 210 + 5 = 30
  4. 17 = 2 * 8.5

The products in those multiplication sentences were 144, 18x, 30, and 17.

Notice in the last sentence that the product preceded the multiplicand and multiplier. That's perfectly fine to do. Notice also in 2(10 + 5), we dropped the × or * altogether, implying multiplication by the parentheses.

How To Find The Product

To find the product, you must solve the multiplication problem. You can solve multiplication problems through repeated or fast addition.

Perhaps a high school student has a part-time job placing Gala apples in cardboard trays to fill fruit boxes. The trays have four rows of six depressions to hold the apples.

How many apples go on a tray?

You could add, 6 + 6 + 6 + 6, and get a sum of 24 Gala apples. A sum is the answer to an addition problem.

But with multiplication, you can say we have 6 Gala apples in one row, and we take the one row four times:

  • 6 times 4 equals 24
  • 6 × 4 = 24
  • 6 * 4 = 24

The product of 6 apples times 4 rows is 24 Gala apples.

You can use a calculator or a times table to multiply large numbers or numbers you can't quickly do in your head.

This works the same way for negative numbers. Suppose you are clearing the try and what to know how many apples you removed from the four rows.

That would mean 4 rows times -6, because you see each row had six indentions for apples to sit in. The negative sign means you subtracted six (-6) from each row.

4 × -6 = -24

Your answer is -24. You removed 24 apples from the tray.

When you multiply a negative number times a positive number, you will always write your product as a negative number.

Properties Of Multiplication

Multiplication has four properties, presented here in alphabetical order because none outranks another:

  1. Associative Property
  2. Commutative Property
  3. Distributive Property
  4. Identity Property of Multiplication

4 Properties Of Multiplication

Learn more about the basic properties of multiplication.

Special Cases Of Products In Math

Two special products appear when working with multiplication. One has been identified for you already, the identity property of multiplication – any number times 1 gives back the original number.

The other special case is the multiplication property of 0. Any number times 0 gives a product in math of 0.

Multiplying With 1 And 0

What you learned:

After working your way through this lesson and video, you have learned:

  1. The definition of the term product in math
  2. Parts of a multiplication sentence
  3. The names of the four multiplication properties
  4. How to find the product
Instructor: Malcolm M.
Malcolm has a Master's Degree in education and holds four teaching certificates. He has been a public school teacher for 27 years, including 15 years as a mathematics teacher.

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