A noun is a part of speech that refers to a person, place, thing, or idea:
Both nouns (single words) and noun phrases (multiple words) can often be combined with a determiner (a, the, this, etc.) to be the subject or object of a verb or the object of a preposition.
Depending on its use in a sentence, a noun can function as a subject, direct object, indirect object, subject complement, object complement, or gerund. Nouns can usually be replaced with a pronoun (it, her, he, etc.).
Overall, there are 11 different types of nouns, which include the following:
A singular noun names a single person, place, or thing; a plural noun indicates multiple people, places, or things. Most singular forms of nouns become plural by adding an -s to the end of the word.
If a singular noun ends in -s, -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, or -z, adding an -es makes the plural form:
|Singular nouns||Plural nouns|
Common nouns reference a general person, place, or thing; proper nouns reference particular people, places, or things. Proper nouns start with capital letters, while common nouns do not:
|Common noun||Proper noun|
|Person||Man and woman||Jim and Jane|
Concrete nouns denote a person, place, or thing that can be perceived through one of the five senses:
Abstract nouns, however, cannot be identified by any of the senses; they signify ideas, qualities, and beliefs:
Countable nouns identify individual people, places, and things that can be counted:
Uncountable nouns are not individual objects and, therefore, cannot be counted:
Possessive nouns own or possess something. Almost all nouns become possessive with the addition of an apostrophe "s." Plural nouns ending in "s" only need a possessive apostrophe at the end of the word:
Rachel → Rachel's
teachers → teachers'
A collective noun, or mass noun, represents a group of people, animals, things, places, or ideas. Examples of collective nouns include the following:
A compound noun consists of two or more words that combine to form a new noun. The words that create the compound noun do not need to be nouns themselves:
|noun + noun||bedroom|
|verb + noun||swimming pool|
|adjective + noun||coffee cup|
The top 50 most common nouns in the English language include the following:
|1. time||11. work||21. area||31. week||41. business|
|2. year||12. life||22. company||32. member||42. night|
|3. people||13. woman||23. problem||33. end||43. eye|
|4. way||14. system||24. service||34. state||44. home|
|5. man||15. case||25. place||35. word||45. question|
|6. day||16. part||26. hand||36. family||46. information|
|7. thing||17. group||27. party||37. fact||47. power|
|8. child||18. number||28. school||38. head||48. change|
|9. Mr.||19. world||29. country||39. month||49. interest|
|10. government||20. house||30. point||40. side||50. development|
Provided below are example sentences for each main type of noun:
After working your way through this lesson and video, you have learned:
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