Volume Of A Cube

The volume of a cube is how much space the cube takes up in three-dimensions. You can find the volume of any cube with one given measurement using the volume of a cube formula:

V = s3

The volume of a cube is always measured in cubic units derived from the linear unit given or used to measure the side length.

Table Of Contents

  1. Volume Of A Cube
  2. What Is A Cube?
  3. Volume of a Cube Formula
  4. How To Find Volume of a Cube
  5. Volume Of A Cube Examples

What Is A Cube?

A cube is a three-dimensional solid with six congruent square faces meeting at right angles, eight vertices, and twelve equal length sides. A cube is one of the five Platonic Solids and is also called a hexahedron.

What Are The Dimensions of A Cube?

A cube is a 3D object, so a cube has three dimensions:

  • Length – Generally understood to be the larger of the “flat” dimensions.
  • Width – Generally understood to be the shorter of the “flat” dimensions.
  • Height or Depth – The dimension that brings the shape into our 3D world

Notice, we have two ways to describe the third dimension:

  1. Height – Use this term when the object rises before you, like a tall building.
  2. Depth – Use this term if the object drops beneath you, like a hole in the ground.

Difference Between Height And Depth

We need information about at least one of these three dimensions to measure the volume of a cube.

Volume of a Cube Formula

The volume of a cube formula is volume equals length times width times height.

V = l × w × h

Volume Formula

This volume equation does not work for every solid, but it works for cubes, rectangular prisms, and cuboids.

Because all three values – l, w, and h – are the same in a cube, the simplest volume of a cube formula is:

V = s3

In this volume of a cube equation, s = the length of any edge.

Volume Of A Cube Formula

Volume is always measured in cubic units based on the linear units provided to you. If you are told the edge of the cube measures 3 meters, the volume is measured in cubic meters or m3 (meters cubed).

How To Find Volume of a Cube

To find the volume of a cube, you only need to know the length of any edge.

If you are given one side length, you can find the volume of a cube by plugging it into either one of the volume formulas for a cube:

  • V = l × w × h
  • V = s3

Measuring the space a cube takes up is a matter of knowing the length of any one edge because all the side lengths of a cube are equal in length.

How to Find Length, Width, and Height From Volume

What if you are given the volume of a cube and asked to find the cube's dimensions?

If you are given the volume of the cube and asked to find the length of an edge, all you have to do is take the cube root of the volume:

s = V3

Your answer will no longer be in cubic units; it will be in linear units.

How To Find Length, Width, And Height From Volume Formula

What if we have a cube, and we are told its volume is 729 cubic meters. To find the length of an edge of the cube:

s = 729 m33

s = 9 meters

Finding Side Length From Volume Of A Cube

How to Calculate Volume Using Area

Here's another challenge. What if you are told the area of one face of a cube? Can you use that information to find the volume?

Yes, the area of one face is the face's length times width. Once you find the width or length, you can apply the volume formula:

  1. Find the square root of the given area measurement; this will give you the length of any side, s.
  2. Use the volume formula, V = s3, to find the area

How To Calculate Volume Using Area

How To Calculate Surface Area Of A Cube Using Volume

If you are given the volume of a cube, you can convert that into the length of one side. Then, you can use the side length to calculate the total surface area.

Use the edge length to calculate the surface area of one side, then multiply that area by 6. This gives you the total surface area of a cube using volume.

What if you are told the total surface area of the entire cube? Can you find the volume?

Yes, the total surface area combines the area of all six, congruent faces. Find the area of one face, and then use the steps outlined above to find the volume:

  1. Divide the given total surface area by six, to get the area of one face
  2. Find the square root of the area of one face to get the length of any side, s
  3. Use the volume formula, V = s3

How To Calculate Volume From Total Surface Area

Volume Of A Cube Examples

If you have a three-dimensional solid with six faces, and the sides are labeled 4', 6', and 8'. Is it a cube?

No, this is a rectangular prism because the labels that outrank the drawing, show different lengths!

What if the sides of our solid were 4', 4', and 4'; Is this a cube?

This is a cube because the labels tell you the width, length, and height are all the same.

What is the volume of the cube above?

Did you write down V = 43?

Did you calculate V = 64 cubic feet, or ft3?

Let's look at another example of a cube with a side length of 12 yards. What is its volume?

V = s3

V = 123

V = 1,728 cubic yards (yd3)

What about a cube that has one face with an area of 25 cm. What is the volume of the cube?

First, what is the length of any edge or side of the cube?

Think: what is the square root of 25? The answer is 5, so:

s = 25 cm

s = 5 cm

Now that you have the length of the side, you can calculate the volume:

V = s3

V = 53

V = 125 cubic centimeters, or cm3

The total surface area of a cube is 7,776 square inches (in2). What is the volume of the cube?

Remember, the total surface area is the area of all six square faces. Divide the total surface area by 6, take the square root of that, then use the volume formula:

7,776 in26 = 1,296 in2

1,296 in2 = 36 in

Now we can calculate the volume of the cube:

V = 363

V = 46.656 cubic inches or in3

Next Lesson:

What Is Surface Area

What you learned:

After working your way through this lesson and video, you have learned:

  • What volume of a cube is
  • What a cube is
  • The dimensions of a cube
  • The volume of a cube formula
  • How to find the volume of a cube
Instructor: Malcolm M.
Malcolm has a Master's Degree in education and holds four teaching certificates. He has been a public school teacher for 27 years, including 15 years as a mathematics teacher.
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Ashburn, VA

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