To vs. too

To is a preposition; a word that demonstrates the relationship between two things. It can also show motion toward a point, making it the opposite of from. Too is an adverb that indicates an excessive amount, higher degree, or agreement. It is also used synonymously with really, also, or in addition.

To vs. too

As homophones (words that have the same pronunciation but different meanings or spellings), to and too are often misused. Use these English language grammar rules above to choose the correct word.

Table of Contents

  1. To vs. Too
  2. When to use
  3. Examples

When to use to or too

As a preposition, to is used to indicate the following:

  • Destination or direction – going to the store; his house is to the left
  • Receiver of an action – to him; to her; to John
  • Time – ten to six; quarter to five; Monday to Friday
  • Approximate numbers – five to ten people; twenty to thirty pounds; ten to fifteen miles

Examples of to as a preposition

To is also used before a verb to create the to + infinitive form:

He loves to dive into the pool headfirst.

She needs to leave school early today.

They have to go to the grocery store and the gas station.

To combined with an infinitive

Too is always an adverb used in to indicate an excessive amount:

The teacher gave the class too many pages to read over the weekend.

When in need of a word that means more, use the word too with more “Os.”

When to use too

The word too can also be synonymous with really, also, and in addition; often at the end of a sentence.

To check if the word too works in your sentence, replace it with one of the above synonyms; if it makes sense, it is correct:

  • He too wants to go to the movies.
  • He also wants to go to the movies.

To vs. too examples

To as a preposition:

  • Let’s go to New York next year.
  • Jane gave the gift to Mark before the party.
  • He only has to work Monday to Thursday this week.
  • There were approximately five to ten people on the bus.

To + infinitive verb form:

  • He wanted to jump into the pool, but it was still covered.
  • She had to listen closely because the teacher spoke quietly.
  • They were about to run outside, but then thunder struck.

Too indicating an excessive amount or higher degree:

  • There were far too many balloons at the birthday party.
  • John said that he was too old to go down the slide.
  • It's best to avoid eating too much food before a marathon.

Too meaning really, also, or in addition:

  • Melanie wanted to ride the roller coaster, too.
  • He, too, liked the book more than the movie.
  • They need to leave before it gets dark, too.

To vs. too vs. two

Since it is a numeral, two is not typically misused as often as to and too. Since two is always a number, it is either used as a noun or an adjective:

As a noun, two can identify a number of people:

What were the two of them doing?

As an adjective, it can describe a noun. In this example it describes the number of days:

He wanted to take at least two days off.

What you learned:

After working your way through this lesson and video, you have learned:

  • The difference between to and too
  • When and how to use to versus too
  • How to and too are different from two
  • Example sentences using to and too
Instructor: Malcolm M.
Malcolm has a Master's Degree in education and holds four teaching certificates. He has been a public school teacher for 27 years, including 15 years as a mathematics teacher.

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