An implied metaphor compares two, unlike things without identifying one of them. A direct metaphor has two parts; the tenor (the initial idea) and the vehicle (the idea being compared to), whereas an implied metaphor does not contain the tenor.
Consider the following metaphors:
At his daughter's wedding, the father's tears were a river gently flowing down his cheeks.
Above is an example of a direct metaphor because it identifies the direct comparison (tears to river).
At his daughter's wedding, a river gently flowed down the father's cheeks.
Here the metaphor does not specify tears making it an indirect metaphor.
Although the tears are not directly referenced in the second example, the context provides enough information to infer the implied comparison. Therefore, the second metaphor is implied.
An implied metaphor is a type of metaphor that creates vivid imagery and adds another layer of meaning.
Examples of implied metaphors used every day in the English language include comparing people to animals and nature, people to inanimate objects, and inanimate objects to animals and nature.
Comparing people to animals/nature:
Comparing people to inanimate objects
Comparing inanimate objects to animals/nature
Poets traditionally use figurative language, especially implied metaphors, to add depth to their work with fewer words.
A popular poetry example using this literary device can be found in this poem by Robert Frost.
"Fire and Ice" by Robert Frost
Some say the world will end in fire, / Some say in ice. / From what I’ve tasted of desire / I hold with those who favor fire. / But if it had to perish twice, / I think I know enough of hate / To say that for destruction ice / Is also great / And would suffice.
Frost implies a comparison between fire and human desire as well as ice and hatred. Through this juxtaposition, Frost suggests that human desire and hatred are equally destructive.
"Can’t Stop the Feeling" by Justin Timberlake
I got that sunshine in my pocket / Got that good soul in my feet…
Timberlake implies a connection between the "sunshine in his pocket" and the happiness he feels when watching his significant other dance.
"Hotel California" by The Eagles
Welcome to the Hotel California / Such a lovely place (Such a lovely place) / Such a lovely face / They livin’ it up at the Hotel California / What a nice surprise (what a nice surprise).
The Eagles use the Hotel California as a metaphor for the fleeting nature of fame without directly referencing the comparison to Hollywood.
Their Eyes Were Watching God by Zora Nale Hurston
She could feel him and almost see him bucking around the room in the upper air. After a long time of passive happiness, she got up and opened the window and let Tea Cake leap forth and mount to the sky on a wind.
In describing Tea Cake, the protagonist's husband, she likens him to a deer by suggesting he is "bucking around the room." Hurston emphasizes the husband's lively nature through her use of implied metaphor.
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